The marble paper is a decorated paper, that is created with a special process. The sheets of Ebru paper have been created since the 18th Century in Turkey and much earlier in China and Japan, because China invented paper. Today, the marbling paper is used for decoration and for very expensive books. The Ebru paper is also used for the packaging of very expensive luxury goods and gifts.
The traditional marbled paper was invented in Japan and China, 1000 years after the fall of Jesus Christ. The marbling paper often looks like marble stones. For the painting of the marbling paper in Japan. A shallow pool was filled with water and gum jelly. The natural paint was a boiled water with plants, herbs and bark of the trees.
The paint was painted on the jelly and then scraped off with paper. Today, special Ebru paints are used. No jelly is needed anymore. The modern Ebru paints help to break the surface of the water. The Ebru paints are not mixable with water. The Ebru paint can not mix with water or the other colors, because different Ebru paints have a consistency and the different size of molecules. The Ebru colors can be painted into ornamental patterns with different techniques. Natural marble patterns are possible. The Ebru paints can stick to the paper. A heavy sheet of paper must be placed on the Ebru paint in the water. The paper is laid onto the Ebru paint and then carefully removed. The paint sticks to the paper. The remains of the Ebru pain can be cleaned with water. The Ebru paint combines with the drying paper, after everything is dry.
Paints with oil can be used. The Ebru paints with oil do allow to create marbling paper without the jelly in the water. However, the results of the Ebru art from Turkey are less impressive than those of the basis of the Japanese water color paints on the jelly, because the patterns can not be controlled without soft mistakes. The traditional Japanese method of painting on the jelly is more difficult, but also more beautiful, because the paint can mix on the jelly. Turkish oil colors have a specific granular appearance that can look artificial. Water colors can mix and create a natural emotion on the marbling paper from Japan.
Marble paper is a high quality paper product. Each sheet of marbling paper represents a unique art, because the patters can never be repeated. This is why the marbling paper is so popular in mass production and decoration, because every picture looks different. Marble paper was used for covering book throughout Europe. Today, many marbling paper designs are produced and sold in Venice and Istanbul. In addition to the real marble paper, there are also cheap imitations from regular printers.
Different tools can be used for the creation of Ebru art. Often, sharp tools are used to create dots and lines. Brushes can be used to create large surfaces. Dots of marbling paint are stretched into different shapes. Ebru art about nature is very popular. Flowers and leafs are very common. The geometric patterns of Ebru art are very easy to create. A comb is moved in the water to create any pattern very fast and for cheap. Real paintings of plants and stars are more difficult, but also more beautiful. A controlled movement of the paper can create a specific shape and a special Ebru art. The dark stripes can break through the lines and create a pattern of natural marble stone.
The marbling of objects is also very popular. Special paints are used for creating Ebru art on plastic and metals. These patterns are created by the flotation of colors on the surface of water or very soft jelly. Textiles can be also used, instead of paper. The marbling art has been used for many centuries to decorate all kinds of surfaces and materials. The marbling paper is often used as a medium for writing of calligraphy, for posters and for books. Each Ebru art has a different pattern and gives a unique character to any object.